СУТНІСТЬ ТА ОСОБЛИВОСТІ ФОРМУВАННЯ ЕКОСИСТЕМ БІЗНЕСУ В НОВІЙ ЕКОНОМІЦІ

Ключові слова: екосистема бізнесу, бізнес, екосистема, нова економіка

Анотація

Нова економіка та сучасні динамічні зміни генерують цілий ряд викликів для бізнесу щодо того як успішно розвиватись в умовах, коли лінійний підхід створення цінності не є достатньо ефективним. Не останню роль в цьому процесі відіграють нові методи інформаційного обміну між компаніями на ринку та інструментарій роботи з кінцевим покупцем товарів/послуг. В усіх сегментах ринку кожен день спостерігаються нові тренди комунікації та взаємовідносин, які викликані новими технологіями. В таких умовах бізнес шукає нові підходи як до побудови власної компанії та генерації нових цінностей/послуг/продуктів, так і до взаємовідносин між іншими учасниками ринку. В статті проаналізовано ряд теоретичних підходів щодо розуміння сутності сучасних бізнес-мереж з точки зору вихідного концепту біологічної та екологічної екосистеми. Узагальнено підходи авторів до визначення екосистем бізнесу, виділено їх невід’ємні та варіативні характеристики. Дано визначення поняттю «екосистема бізнесу».

Посилання

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Willis, A. J. (1997). The Ecosystem: An Evolving Concept. Functional Ecology, 11(2), 268–271. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2435.1997.00081

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Rotschild, M. (1990). Bionomics: Economy as Ecosystem. New York: Henry Holt and Company.

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Moore, J. F. (1996). The death of competition: Leadership and strategy in the age of business ecosystems. New York: Harper Business.

Hannon, B. (1997). The use of analogy in biology and economics: From biology to economics, and back. Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, 8(4), 471–488. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0954-349X(97)00019-2

Lewin, R., & Regine, B. (1999). On the Edge in the World of Business. In R. Lewin (Ed.) Complexity: Life at the Edge of Chaos. (pp. 197–211). Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

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Iansiti, M., & Levien, R. (2004). Strategy as ecology. Harvard Business Review, 82(3), 68–78. Retrieved from: https://hbr.org/2004/03/strategy-as-ecology

Iansiti, M., & Levien, R. (2004). The keystone advantage: what the new dynamics of business ecosystems mean for strategy, innovation, and sustainability. Boston MA: Harvard Business School Press.

Peltoniemi, M. (2004). Cluster, Value Network and Business Ecosystem: Knowledge and Innovation Approach. Paper Presented at «Organisations, Innovation and Complexity: New Perspectives on the Knowledge Economy» conference, September 9-10, in Manchester, UK. Retrieved from: http://www.cse.tkk.fi/fi/opinnot/T-109.4300/2014/luennot-files/Peltoniemi.pdf

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Peltoniemi, M. (2005). Business ecosystem: A conceptual model of an organization population from the perspective of complexity and evolution. Tampere University of Technology.

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Jacobides, M. G., Cennamo, C., & Gawer, A. (2018). Towards a theory of ecosystems. Strategic management journal, 39(8), 2255–2276. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/smj.2904

Oh, D. S., Phillips, F., Park, S., & Lee, E. (2016). Innovation ecosystems: A critical examination. Technovation, 54, 1–6. Retrieved from: http://isidl.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/E4703-IranArze.pdf

Korhonen, J. (2004). Do we really need the debate on the natural ecosystem metaphor in technology management and sustainable development literature?. Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy, 7(1), 33–41. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10098-004-0255-x

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Опубліковано
2021-12-28
Як цитувати
Лемешко, М. (2021). СУТНІСТЬ ТА ОСОБЛИВОСТІ ФОРМУВАННЯ ЕКОСИСТЕМ БІЗНЕСУ В НОВІЙ ЕКОНОМІЦІ. Економіка та суспільство, (34). https://doi.org/10.32782/2524-0072/2021-34-49
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