MODERN CHALLENGES AND ISSUES OF IDENTIFICATION OF RURAL ZONES UNDER DISADVANTAGED CIRCUMSTANCES IN UKRAINE

Keywords: mainly rural areas in unfavorable conditions, regional development, identification, economic factor, demographic factor, spatial aspect

Abstract

The article is devoted to topical issues of identification of rural areas in unfavorable conditions in Ukraine. The approach to the definition of rural areas in adverse conditions, applied in the State Strategy for Regional Development for 2021-2027, is analyzed. This approach takes into account the criteria of population density, distance from cities with a population of more than 50 thousand people and population reduction over a long period of time. The problems of uneven distribution of the population on the territory of Ukraine are substantiated and the peculiarities of territorial localization of the settlement network are emphasized, which requires taking into account the reverse influence of the socio-economic situation on the processes of depopulation and changes in territorial distribution. In this context, the expediency of taking into account the economic factor (in particular, tax revenues of local budgets per capita, the number of legal entities and their change in time), along with demographic and spatial, to cover a wider range of problems faced by local communities in in the process of its development. It is established that the problems of depopulation concern the east and the northeast, and economic risks are inherent in the territories of the west of Ukraine. Therefore, for the effective identification of mainly rural areas in adverse conditions, taking into account the economic factor of territorial development is appropriate, because it allows to cover a wider range of criteria. The analysis of disparities of socio-economic and demographic development of rural areas was carried out separately. The comparison of the regions of Ukraine, which are referred to the category of mostly rural, with the largest and smallest values of individual indicators. The ratio of indicators of socio-economic development of mainly rural areas at the intra-regional level has been studied. Based on the obtained results, the need for coordination of the administrative-territorial level is proved, at which the identification of rural areas in unfavorable conditions should be carried out in order to take into account intra-regional differences and peculiarities of territorial development.

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Published
2021-10-26
How to Cite
Storonianska, I., Zalutskyi, I., & Patytska, K. (2021). MODERN CHALLENGES AND ISSUES OF IDENTIFICATION OF RURAL ZONES UNDER DISADVANTAGED CIRCUMSTANCES IN UKRAINE. Economy and Society, (32). https://doi.org/10.32782/2524-0072/2021-32-2
Section
ECONOMICS