SYSTEM OF REGIONAL FACTORS IN THE PROCEDURE OF SEARCHING THE OPTIMAL PLACE FOR INVESTMENT-SPATIAL ORIENTATION OF BUSINESS THROUGH PRISMON PRISM

Keywords: spatial orientation of business, factors of enterprise location, regional business environment, bioeconomy, regional economy, development of productive forces

Abstract

It has been proven that the solution to the problem of investment-spatial orientation of business comes down to finding the optimal place for business location. The key point is to reduce the number of possible places to place the business in the optimal search algorithm. Many aggregate approaches are used to address this issue, one of which is the formation of factors of spatial orientation of the business. Existing approaches to solving the problem of spatial orientation of business are critically analyzed. The expediency of supplementing the known factors of spatial orientation of business with factors of regional significance, ie factors that are specific to each studied region to one degree or another, is proved. Among them: the regional factor of uneven consumption of similar products and services; local legislation (restrictions, taxes, support of authorities, etc.); infrastructural development of the region and the climate of the region. It is determined that the emergence of new or relocation of existing enterprises or their branches contributes to the development of specific advantages of the new location or eliminates the disadvantages of the former location for certain consumer functions, such as proximity of new production branches to customers, relocation of labor-intensive shops to lower wages. or the use of government subsidies in special areas and areas of the country. It is substantiated that researching a certain geographical and economic region in the direction of finding the optimal place of spatial orientation of business using the proposed regional factors will significantly increase the probability of taking into account all possible places in the system of finding the optimal place of spatial orientation of business. The regional environment of the enterprise is researched and analyzed, namely: consumers (existing, potential); state control bodies (inspections, commissions, etc.); financial and credit institutions (banks, insurance, etc.); communities (public organizations, trade unions, etc.); regional legislation; individuals and legal entities that show a certain interest in the enterprise (families of employees, shareholders, parent companies; competitors (bona fide, aggressive, etc.).

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Published
2021-06-29
How to Cite
Kachala, T., KarlovaО., & Luchin, O. (2021). SYSTEM OF REGIONAL FACTORS IN THE PROCEDURE OF SEARCHING THE OPTIMAL PLACE FOR INVESTMENT-SPATIAL ORIENTATION OF BUSINESS THROUGH PRISMON PRISM. Economy and Society, (28). https://doi.org/10.32782/2524-0072/2021-28-50
Section
ECONOMICS