EU MIGRATION POLICY: TRENDS IN THE FORMATION OF MIGRATION FLOWS AND IMPROVEMENT MECHANISMS

Keywords: migration, migration policy, migration flow, migration shield, donor country, country of intermediate location

Abstract

The article is devoted to topical issues of migration policy of the European Union in the context of improving the mechanisms for regulating migration flows. The purpose of the article is to identify trends in the formation of migration flows from donor countries and countries of intermediate location to the EU, to determine the foundations of EU migration policy and mechanisms for its improvement. In the process of research the issue of migration policy of the European Union in the context of improving the mechanisms for regulating migration flows, general scientific methods of scientific knowledge are used. In the process of research migration routes to the EU are used grouping and comparison methods. The tabular method is used to summarize the number of migration flows to the EU. Methods of analysis, synthesis and generalization are used in determining the main characteristics of migration routes. The methods of induction, concretization and abstraction are used in determining the essence of the "migration shield" policy. The main factors of migration processes in the world is researched in the article. The main directions of the immigration policy of the European Union are generalized. The main directions (routes) of migration flows to the European Union are researched. A detailed analysis of the intensity of migration refugees flows and stateless persons to the European Union in 2015-2019 is conducted. The main characteristics and features of all migration routes to the European Union are identified. The main reasons for the migrants inequality between the member states of the European Union are outlined. The intensity of migration refugees flows and stateless persons to the European Union by the Eastern land route in 2015-2019 is studied. The need for cooperation between Ukraine and the European Union within the Eastern Land Route is outlined. The main measures of the European Union during the migration crisis in 2015 have been identified and grouped. The effectiveness of the "migration shield" tactics as a new migration tool of the European Union during the migration crisis in 2015 has been practically proved.

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Published
2020-12-15
How to Cite
Chernega, O., & Yakovenko, U. (2020). EU MIGRATION POLICY: TRENDS IN THE FORMATION OF MIGRATION FLOWS AND IMPROVEMENT MECHANISMS. Economy and Society, (22). https://doi.org/10.32782/2524-0072/2020-22-12
Section
ECONOMICS